The first step in recording a life list is to note all the common birds you have already seen. Browse a comprehensive field guide, paying particular attention to birds that are abundant in your area. Many beginning birders are surprised to discover they are already familiar with a dozen or more bird species.
Compare birds’ characteristics carefully for accurate identification: not every species is easily identified. Many gulls, for example, look similar except for small differences in their markings, size or behavior. Check bird range maps and population densities when necessary for a confident identification.
The next step in building your life list is to make the birds come to you. Offer tempting treats in backyard feeders, or if you already have birdfeeders, offer more exotic seeds and food to attract a greater variety of species.
Commercial birdseed mixes will attract basic finches, sparrows and songbirds, but choose black oil sunflower seed to entice even more species. Niger (thistle) seed will attract siskins and goldfinches, and nectar is irresistible to hummingbirds and orioles. Use suet to attract woodpeckers and larger birds, and invite jays to your backyard with peanuts.
Not all birds will eat from backyard feeders, but all birds need water, shelter and nesting sites. Add a birdbath or fountain to your yard to attract more birds, and consider adding shelter such as a brush pile or birdhouses as well.
Once you have exhausted the appeal of your backyard, you can venture past your property lines to find more birds. Even in a single neighborhood, different landscaping, tree species and flowers will attract a wide range of birds. A simple neighborhood walk may yield several new bird species to observe.
Venture slightly further afield to find additional birds. River pathways, nature walks, lakes, parks and gardens with a wide variety of tree, shrub and flower species are great locations to find birds locally. Visit different habitats such as a forest, farmland and marsh to see the widest variety of birds.
Joining Other Birders
To make the most of your local birding hot spots, join a local or regional birding organization. Birdwatchers’ clubs and bird conservation associations frequently sponsor local birding walks or day trips to regional birding sites. You will also be able to connect with other birders who share your passion, and you can exchange tips and advice for finding and identifying new species.
The most experienced and enthusiastic birders often plan vacations that coincide with popular birding festivals or that visit new areas with great bird watching opportunities. Once you have chosen a travel destination, look for local birding locations and contact a local expert or birding organization for tips on where to go to see specific species. You may even find a willing accomplice in the form of a local guide who can take you to the best hidden birding spots in the area.
Life List Tips
Finding dozens of new bird species is not helpful if you don’t add them to your life list properly. Keep a comprehensive, cumulative birding journal to record your observations and the species you have seen. Many field guides offer species checklists as an appendix, or you can create your own list in a notebook. To ensure accuracy, record each bird’s common name as well as the scientific name – many widespread species have different common names in different areas.
A Word of Warning
A life list can be a great aide-memoire, but avoid the trap that many birders fall into - don't make your list the sole focus of your efforts. Yes, it's gret to see a bird you've waited for years to encounter, and it can be satisfying to add it to your list. But when all's said and done, you're not going to see all the birds in the world; so why not enjoy the ones that you do meet, and don't fret so much about those you've missed.